Although investigations into the effects of static stretching often show some performance impairment versus a dynamic warm-up (McMillian et al., 2006), others have observed no such effect (Little and Williams, 2006). 2), a repeated‐measures ANOVA test with post‐hoc paired t‐tests for the different angles was performed. Your body relies on three main types of tissue when it comes to movement -- muscles, ligaments and tendons. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of static stretching on peak torque (PT) and mean power output (MP) during maximal, voluntary concentric isokinetic leg extensions at 60 and 300 degrees .s(-1) in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Women's Basketball players … Static stretching is a great way to increase range of motion which is very helpful in executing the proper techniques during lifting and running. Rotational Med Ball Slam Acute Effect of Passive Static Stretching on Lower-body Strength in Moderately Trained Males. Modeling the effect of static stretching and strengthening exercise in lengthened position on balance in low back pain subject with shortened hamstring: a randomized controlled clinical trial | Skip to main content Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine if static and baltislic stretching would, induce significant amounts of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and increases in creatine kinase (CK). 2005;1(1):9-15. Since the early 1980s stretching has been promoted by sports medicine professionals. The effects of using a combination of static stretching and aerobic exercise on muscle tendon unit stiffness and strength in ankle plantar-flexor muscles. Ten healthy male students took part in this study. STATIC STRETCHING NEGATIVELY CHANGES MUSCLE-TENDON PROPERTIES STATIC STRETCHING DOES NOT AFFECT JOINT POSITION SENSE STATIC STRETCHING INHIBITS ACCELERATION AND SPRINTING . This study investigated the effects of static stretching (SS) delivered with the same load but using two protocols – high-intensity and short-duration and low-intensity and long-duration – on range of motion (ROM) and muscle stiffness. More recently, there are a substantial number of articles with no detrimental effects associated with prior static stretching. A total of 18 healthy students participated in the study. Evidence for performance decrements following prolonged static stretching (SS) has led to a paradigm shift in stretching routines within a warm-up. Res. Kin. Static stretching is a type of stretching exercises in which elongation of muscle with application of low force and long duration (usually 30 sec). This form of stretching is most beneficial after you exercise. European Journal of … Phys Ther 1997; 77: 1090-1096 ; 5 Behm DG, Blazevich AJ, Kay AD, McHugh M. Acute effects of muscle stretching on physical performance, range of motion, and injury incidence in healthy active individuals: a systematic review. Static stretching, on the other hand, is done at the end of your workout, and involves stretches that you hold in place for a period of time, without movement. It also helps to correct muscle imbalances at joints. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of static stretching on functional capacity of older women. Whether static stretching (SS) frequency has an effect on increasing the range of motion (ROM) and decreasing muscle stiffness remains unclear. METHODS Subjects performed a maximal range of motion test, five cyclic stretching repetitions and a static stretching intervention that involved five 30-s static stretches. Static stretches involve holding a stretch in a comfortable position for a period of time, typically between 10 and 30 seconds. Objectives The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of static stretching (SS) on the range of motion and vertical jump height between the quadriceps, hamstrings and triceps surae in collegiate basketball players. Subjective ratings of DOMS (scale: 1–10) and serum CK levels were assessed before and every 24 hours post stretching, for 5 days. J Strength Cond Res. In order to minimize injuries, static stretching is encouraged for non-athletes. reduces flow during the stretch, but quickly elevates it afterwards. Effects of static stretching volume and intensity on plantar flexor explosive force production and range of motion. Objective: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching exercises on dynamic balance. Reference: Gergley JC. However, these tissues can become tight over time, resulting in a reduced range of motion and a higher risk for injury. J. Undergrad. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance training performance on a 1 RM bench press test using a stretching routine vs. no stretching routine. Static stretching has a relaxation,elongation effect on muscle,improving range of motion (ROM) , decreasing musculotendinous stiffness and also reduce the risk of acute muscle strain injuries. Stretching has been thought to prevent injury and improve athletic performance. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of static and dynamic stretching of the leg flexors and extensors on concentric and eccentric peak torque (PT) and electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the leg extensors and flexors in women athletes. Static stretching, therefore, appears to induce a rebounding effect on muscle blood flow – i.e. Twenty males were randomly assigned to a static (STATIC) or ballistic stretching (BALLISTIC) group. effects of static stretching on maximal muscle efforts. If you have recently suffered a soft tissue injury, then you are probably going to learn a lot about stretching in the next few weeks. Rather than SS, dynamic stretching (DS) and dynamic activity (DA) have replaced SS within warm-up routines. When we consider that the majority of Muay Thai warm-ups include stretch durations of less than 30 seconds, it is apparent that the inclusion of static stretching in a pre-training preparation routine for Muay Thai will not have a negative impact on our strength, power or speed. Given that static muscle stretching is the most common form of preexercise stretching to be used in clinical, normal, and athletic populations, there are a considerable number of methodological issues reported in the literature (116). Our results are for the most part in accordance with these thoughts. Static stretching involves extending target muscles to a limit point, and maintaining that position for an interval between 10 and 30 seconds. Though static stretching is a part of some pre and post-workout routines, a review article that was published in January 2020 by the Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, indicated that pre-exercise static stretching did in-fact reduce an individual's overall muscular strength and maximal performance. Most often, the purpose of stretching is to increase range of motion, reduce tension and stiffness of the muscle–tendon unit (Magnusson et al., 1998, McNair et al., 2001, Witvrouw et al., 2004). However, there are a myriad of studies demonstrating static stretch-induced performance impairments. Effects of static stretching on neural properties of the human soleus muscle Athletes usually accomplish a warm-up program prior to each training session or competition. Also, given that numerous articles have been published since Rubini et al. The effect of time and frequency of static stretching on flexibility of the hamstring muscles. The Stages and Effects of Stretching during Rehabilitation. The stretching portion traditionally incorporated static stretching. Author information: (1)School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. Effects of static stretching on hamstring stiffness. Young W(1), Elias G, Power J. To demonstratively test the effect of the static stretching protocol on the torque‐angle curve at 5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, and 25° (see Fig. BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the effects of static stretching on hamstring passive stiffness calculated using different data reduction methods. Temporarily reducing, and then increasing, blood flow may facilitate recovery by improving the delivery of nutrients whilst simultaneously removing metabolites, however, this is yet to be confirmed by research. All performed three sets of 17 stretches during a 90-min period, the only group difference being that STATIC remained, stationary during each 60-s stretch while BALLISTIC performed, boundng movements. The static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation type of stretching and other stretching techniques that required the participants to hold the stretch over 20 s at a point of discomfort had a significant physiological effect – reduced Abstract. Effects of Acute Stretching on Resistance Training Performance. Acute Effects of Short-Duration Static Stretching. However, not all stretching was created equal. Stretching is a great way to prevent an injury, but also speed up rehabilitation and allow for a smoother recovery. When the muscle on one side of a joint is more dominant than the other side, an imbalance exists which can cause pain or injury.